My nation, my pride, my India is the land of picturesque beauty, the land of diversities, the land of culture which fills us with pride. We are like joined by an invisible string. Our country’s legacy, history, deep-rooted value system holds us together. Today I got the opportunity to share my views on India the ‘proud nation and the importance of 15 August in Indian history’.
The month of August is very dear to all Indians because of the two mega events that took place in this month in relation to the long freedom struggle of the country for independence: Quit India movement and Indian Independence. Quit India movement 1942 which is also known as August Kranti is a significant milestone in the history of the freedom struggle. As in 2017, we are celebrating the 75th anniversary of Quit India movement.
India became independent on 15th August 1947 at 12:00 AM.
Now the question arises why we have chosen 15th August midnight as our independence day? Independence Movement, based on nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience, led by the Indian National Congress and Mahatma Gandhi compelled the British to hand over the rule to Indians and withdraw from India. The British Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act 1947 transferring legislative sovereignty to the Indian Constituent Assembly and India became independent on August 15, 1947, thereby coming out of the clutches of the British Raj.
Lord Mountbatten chose August 15 as he considered that day as a lucky day for him. But, according to Indian astrologers, August 15 was inauspicious or unlucky for India. So, the Constituent Assembly decided to meet to mark India’s independence at 11 p.m. on August 14, 1947.
The Constituent Assembly of India met at 11:00 pm on 14 August in New Delhi. The session was headed by the president Rajendra Prasad. At this meeting, Jawaharlal Nehru delivered the Tryst with Destiny speech blazoning India’s independence.
|“Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially. At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance. It is fitting that at this solemn moment, we take the pledge of dedication to the service of India and her people and to the still larger cause of humanity.”|
The members of the Assembly pledged to work for the country. Then some women presented the national flag in front of the assembly.
India became an independent country after the official ceremonies took place in Delhi. Nehru was appointed as the first prime minister, and the viceroy, Lord Mountbatten, continued as its first governor general. Gandhi ji did not take part in the celebrations, and instead, he fasted for 24 hours to encourage peace among the Hindus and Muslims.
Freedom after a lot of struggle was gained, but this freedom brought bloodshed and severe massacre.
A similar situation was witnessed during 1942 to 1948 when the entire world was suffering the after-effects of the global war 2.
Lord Krishna has said, ‘’कर्मणैव धिकरस्ते माँ फलेसु कदाचन!’’ This means that understanding the real responsibility is essential. Push out all the evil that is inside you. Till evil is your master and you its slave your nation too will suffer slavery.
This Independence Day let us take a pledge to free ourselves from the slavery of evil thoughts and habits.
Thank You so much, Dr. Vibha Rathod for sharing your views.