Every year on 26th January, India celebrates its Republic Day with full enthusiasm and shows the world of what we are capable of and what he have achieved since the time of our existence as a Republic Nation. It was the day the Constitution of India, prepared by drafting committee headed by B.R Ambedkar, came into force and replaced the existing Government of India Act, 1935. As the nation enthusiastically celebrates Republic Day and a national holiday, let’s take a look at some of the rare facts along with the meaning and history of this day.
The meaning of REPUBLIC !
The word ‘Republic’ is a Latin word that stands for a sovereign state, country or government. A nation that is republic, the PEOPLE chooses their representative through a system of direct voting that we call as ELECTION. The significance of this system is that it can implemented at every level from, from the root Panchayat level to the higher order Parliament level. This system grants us the freedom to eat, move or do what whatever we want to and even follow any religion without any obstruction.
History of Republic India
The country did not had its own constitution and was entirely depending on the modified colonial Government of India Act, 1935. The building block of our Constitution began on December 9, 1946 when the Constituent Assembly met for the first time in the Constitution Hall of Parliament House. A committee was formed and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar became the chairman of the committee, who along with the other members drafted the Constitution. The Indian Constitution included 395 Articles and 8 Schedules. The Constitution was formed taking into consideration the ethnic communities, multiple religions and regional tribes. Thus, completing the journey of becoming a Sovereign Democratic Republic.
But why the date 26th January was chosen for REPUBLIC DAY?
Ever wondered, if India got freedom on August 15, 1947, then why did it take 2 years 11 months and 18 days to declare India as Republic? On the occasion of 68th Republic Day, let’s solve the mystery.
If you don’t know much of a history (like me), you will be shocked to know that there was the time when the Indian leaders were in the favor of Dominion Status. That means the Monarch of the United Kingdom would continue to be the constitutional head of India.
Okay let’s solve this thing by breaking up the history in small fragments of YEARS:
1927: Patriarch Bhagat Singh along with few other leaders came forward with ‘Purna Swaraj’ initiative. This idea inspired young Congress leaders including Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhash Chandra Bose.
1928: A resolution was passed by the Indian National Congress for ‘Dominion Status’ but the British rejected the proposal stating that India is not capable for the Dominion Status.
1929: During the Lahore session, the Congress chose Jawaharlal Nehru as the President and demanded for Purna Swaraj i.e. complete independence.
1930: To celebrate the occasion, the last Sunday of January (which surprisingly fell on 26th) was fixed. Hence ‘THE PURNA SWARAJ DAY’ was celebrated with Nehru hoisting the flag on the banks of Ravi River in Lahore.
1947: On August 15, India gained complete freedom from the British and hence this day came to known as INDEPENDENCE DAY which was reserved for the date 26 January. The reason for choosing 15th August 1947 as Independence Day is a different story altogether.
1949: Indian Constitution was formed by November 26. Now since it was the matter of pride for all the Indians, that had to celebrated. The makers felt the necessity to celebrate it on a date that had held a national importance in the history of India. Hence the date 26 January was the best one among all. And this is how the Republic Day till today is celebrated on January 26
Some rare facts about our Republic Day
- Our Constitution is the longest one in the world. You definitely cannot read it in a single day.
- Originally, the Constitution of India was a handwritten document by Prem Behari Narain Raizada in a flowing ‘Italic Style’ with beautiful calligraphy. Each page was beautified and decorated by artists from Shantiniketan.
- A total of 283 members of the constituent assembly signed the constitution.
- There are just two original copies of the Constitution in the country written in Hindi and English. They have been preserved in helium-filled cases in the Parliament of India.
- 2 years, 11 months and 17 days, was the amount of time that Constitution Committee took to prepare the entire document.
This is a festival to be proud of our nation. This is the occasion of patriotism, unity, peace, love, proud, happy and inspirations. This is the day from where we should all start trying to be loyal towards our duties for the nation. JAI HIND !