Ever wondered how were the Indian state got their names? What is the history behind such names? Well, everything happens for a reason.
1. Andhra Pradesh
In Sanskrit, ‘Andhra’ means south. Also, the officials in that area were called ‘Andhra Bhrutya’ meaning ‘Officials of South’. Hence the state title.
2. Arunachal Pradesh
The area is covered with dawn lit hills. Dawn lit is called ‘Aruna’ and hills are called ‘Achal’ in Sanskrit.
According to scholars, the state name is based on the rulers of Assam who ruled it for 6 centuries. They were called ‘Ahoms‘ which is again derived from ‘Asama’.
Bihar was once called ‘Vihara’ which means a place of domicile as the state was a place of domicile of Buddhist monks. Later, it was changed to Bihar.
The state is named after the number of forts or ‘Garh’ in it, which are 36 or ‘Chhattis’ in number.
It may have been originated from European or Portuguese language, or from a Sanskrit word ‘Go’ meaning Cow.
Again, the name is based on the name of the rulers called ‘Gujara’ who ruled the region in 700-800AD.
It is a combination of two words namely ‘Hari’ and ‘ana’ where ‘Hari’ refers to Lord Vishnu or Krishna. It is said that they visited this place during the Mahabharata.
9. Himachal Pradesh
Again, the state title is originated from a Sanskrit etymology, ‘Hima’ meaning snow and ‘achal’ meaning mountains as the region is covered with mountains covered with snow.
10. Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu got its name from its ruler Raja Jambu Lochan, while Kashmir is again a Sanskrit etymology of ‘ka’ meaning water and ‘shimeera’ meaning desiccation.
This is a region which is covered in low forests also called, Jhaari, in Hindi. Hence the name is derived from this word.
The word Karnataka is derived from ‘karu’ meaning lofty and ‘naad’ meaning land.
The name is originated from the words ‘Chherna’ which means added and ‘alam’ which means land.
14. Madhya Pradesh
The state is located in the mid or ‘madhya’ of our country. This is where it gets its name from.
Areawise, it is a big state. ‘Maha’ translates to big or large and ‘rasthtra’ means region. It may also have taken its name from a clan called “Rashtrika”.
It is the state of jewels. The Sanskrit word ‘Mani’ translates to jewels.
It is the state of clouds. Meghalaya is made again from a Sanskrit word ‘Megha’ meaning clouds and ‘alaya’ meaning abode.
Etymology of ‘Mi’ that means people and ‘zo’ that means highlander.
It is the land of Nagas. Nagas are the people with earrings and pierced noses.
The name points to the ‘Odra’ people living in the region.
21. West Bengal
Bengal is originated from a Sanskrit word ‘Vanga’ while West was added after the partition of the state in 1947 into 2 parts, West Bengal and Bangladesh.
5 rivers flow through this state. ‘Punj’ means five and ‘ab’ means water.
It was the land or ‘Sthan’ of Rajputs and kings or ‘Rajas’.
It is the combination of two words of Limbu origin, ‘Su’ means new and ‘khyim’ means palace.
25. Tamil Nadu
Nadu is a Tamilian word for home. The people of Tamil Nadu are called Tamils. Hence, Tamil Nadu means, the home of Tamils.
Derived from “Trilinga”, this state has three shivlingas. Hence its name is formed from the combination of ‘tri’ that means three and ‘linga’ that means shivlingas.
It is the 3rd smallest state in our country. It may have been named after its inhabitants, also known the ‘Tipra’.
28. Uttar Pradesh
‘Uttar’ simply means North. The name means, the state of the north as it lies in the northern part of our country.
The state derives its meaning from an etymology of ‘Uttar’ meaning North and ‘khand’ meaning land.